What is the difference between ‘nolo contendere,’ ‘nolle prosequi,’ and ‘guilty plea?’

If you have ever been arrested for a crime and taken before a judge, you know that you are attending an arraignment hearing. An arraignment hearing is where you (and your attorney if you have retained one) enter a plea. We have all seen in the movies where the defendant stands up before the Court and pleads ‘guilty’ or ‘not guilty’ for the crime committed. In real life, everyone needs to plead not guilty at this time because if you pled guilty, a judge would sentence you immediately and you may not know what the judge’s sentence will be. At a later time, after the evidence is reviewed, you may choose to change your plea to nolo contendere (no contest) or guilty. For the purposes of this article, we will discuss what happens when you plead guilty or nolo contendere. Additionally, we will explain how a nolle prosequi could affect your status.

1) Pleading Guilty

This option is fairly obvious. When pleading guilty to the crime you are being charged with, you are admitting that you committed the crime. Oftentimes, a guilty plea comes about when the prosecution offers a plea deal for a better sentence if you plead guilty to the charges. Remember from the above paragraph you do not plead guilty at arraignment and you should have the evidence reviewed prior to changing your plea to guilty.

For example, let’s say you are charged with battery as a 1st degree misdemeanor and the evidence against you is clear. The maximum penalty for a 1st-degree misdemeanor conviction is $1,000 and one year of jail time. The prosecution could come to you or your attorney and offer a plea deal for a guilty plea at a $500 fine and one year of probation. Lesser fines and probation over jail time would be appealing for many, so it may be the best route to take in your situation. When the judge asks, how you plead, you would plead guilty. The prosecution and your defense attorney would then tell the judge both sides have agreed to a guilty plea and a lesser than maximum sentence which the judge would then order.

2) Nolo Contendere

Nolo Contendere is Latin for “I do not wish to contend.” This means you are entering a no-contest plea. When entering no contest, you are not contesting the charges brought against you, but you are also not admitting guilt or innocence. Instead, you are not admitting to the crimes, but the court can issue you a punishment for the charges brought against you. Your record would show ‘nolo contendere’ and not a guilty record. In addition, it is helpful if you are being sued for a criminal act, such as reckless driving and the injured party wants to sue you for damages. If you enter a guilty plea, the opposing attorney can use the guilty plea as evidence against you. However, if you plea nolo contendere, it is not an admission of guilt and won’t be as easily used against you.

So, let’s keep with the battery example above. When the judge asks how you plead, you would plead a no-contest plea. Here, you are NOT admitting guilt or innocence to the battery, but you do not want to take the case any further into the process and will accept any punishment the Court deems proper. For our example, the judge may decide that because your record is clean, you will serve 6 months in jail and pay a $1,000 fine. Because you are not contesting the plea, you must accept the penalties served.

3) Nolle Prosequi

Nolle prosequi is the Latin phrase for ‘will no longer prosecute.’ It is also often referenced as ‘nolle pros.’ This means the prosecutor will not proceed in taking further action on your criminal charges after they have been filed. This typically occurs when there isn’t any or very little evidence to take the case further and the prosecution’s argument against you is lacking in substance. This resulted in a case dismissal and the charges were dropped. This is a formal notice of abandonment by the prosecutor’s office. The Court may also submit an Order to not prosecute, which will result in a Nolle Prosequi.

Keeping with the battery example above, when the judge asks how you plead to the 1st-degree misdemeanor battery charge, you plead not guilty. A few months into the case, the alleged victim came forward and filed a request stating they no longer wished to prosecute the charge. Before the case goes to trial, the prosecution accepts the request as valid. Therefore, they file a Nolle Prosequi with the Court, and when accepted, will drop the battery charge.

All options above could be relevant to a criminal case you may have. It is vital to discuss the arraignment hearing and your best options with a criminal defense attorney; it could mean the difference between prison time, a small fine, or no penalties and a clean record. Contact the Law Office of Adams & Luka, P.A. today for your free consultation.

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I would like thank my attorney Thomas Luka. I knew from the beginning I had the right guy in my corner. While celebrating with family and friends at a Public Park in Seminole County, a fight broke out among various people. Myself, and a good friend, broke up the fight and the instigators left. Six months later, I was wrongly accused as the person who started the fight. The first attorney I hired could not even get a response from the State Attorney handling the case. Someone referred me to Tom and I felt comfortable at his demeanor and reactions.

After conversations with Tom, who knew I would settle for nothing less than a FULL DISMISSAL due to my innocence, I hired him. His firm of Adams and Luka did the due diligence by interviewing witnesses and the police who were on the scene, as well as starting a dialogue with the State Attorney. After gathering statements from witnesses, Tom was able to present a strong argument on my behalf to the State Attorney on why the case should be dismissed. If the State Attorney was not willing to dismiss the case, Tom was ready to take the case to trial.

The result by Thomas Luka: Case Dismissed.

I am 53 years old with a spotless record and glad to keep it that way thanks to the time, effort, hard work, and professionalism of the Adams and Luka and Tom Luka.

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Thomas Luka left a life-long great impression of lawyers. He was always professional, on time, and answered things honestly. From the start and during the 14 months it went on - Tom was very upfront and honest with me about the possible outcomes. The result was better than I had hoped for. Tom really over-delivered. HIGHLY RECCOMEND. Marcela Giorgi
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